NAME: _________________________________________________________  I.D.# _______________________

DIRECTIONS:     (1)   Complete the examination according to the instructions.
                             (2)   Use a ball point or ink pen.


1.     Correctly classify modern humans taxonomically Kingdom through species

        Kingdom:          _________________________

        Phylum:             _________________________

        Sub-phylum:      _________________________

        Order:               _________________________

        Family:              _________________________

        Genus:               _________________________

        Species:             _________________________

2.     Give the correct scientific genus for each of the following:

        corn:                  _________________________             onion:                  _________________________

        lobster:              _________________________              potato:                _________________________

        oak:                  _________________________               fruit fly:               _________________________

3.     List three similarities shared  by reptiles, birds, and mammals.


4.     List the fifteen major groups of animals:


5.     Give a major characteristic of each of the following:




What is a:



7.     Give a major characteristic of each of the following:




8.     Cite differences between monocotyledon and dicotyledon plants with respect to:

        a.     # of cotyledons:

        b.     # of petals in blossom:

        c.     venation patterns in leaves:

        d.     arrangement of vascular patterns in stems:

9.     Give the scientific genus and species for

        a.     two bacteria:     ______________________________


        b.     two protozoa:   ______________________________



10.   Cite two scientists who disproved the concepts of spontaneous generation.

        a.   ______________________________________   b.   __________________________________

11.   A.I. Oparin is credited with formulating the modern concept on the origin of life.  His theory has subsequently been substantiated by scientists Stanley Milley and Sidney Fox.  What are the main points in Oparin's theory?


12.   What is a protobiont?  How is it formed?


13.   Cite two differences between how the evolution and the extinction of a species occurs.


14.   Give a major idea about Lamark's Theory of Evolution.


15.  Give a major idea about Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution.


16.  Give the gist of the concept of neo-Darwinism.


17.   What is the Hardy-Weinberg concept regarding the evolution of populations?


18,19.  Give one outstanding characteristic or trait in each of the following that differs vastly from that in Homo sapiens   

        a.   Australopithecus africanus:

        b.  Homo erectus:

        c.  Homo habilis:

        d.  Homo neanderthalensis:

20.     List

        a.  an extinct animal life form     __________________________

        b.  an extinct plant life form       __________________________

21,22.  Give an evolutionary characteristic of each of the following life forms.
            (Be Brief)

        a.   a bacterium:

        b.   a protozoan:

        c.   algae:

        d.   sponges:

        e.   fungi:

        f.   mollusks:

        g.   crustaceans:


23.   list three different types of biomes and give a distinguishing characteristic of each.




24.   Give an outstanding feature of the following types of symbiosis:

        a.   mutualism:

        b.   commensalism:

        c.   parasitism:

25.   List two abiotic factors of the environment:

        a.   ______________________________   b.  ______________________________

26.   A food pyramid has three levels.  Complete the table below, correctly identifying two types of organism that would occupy each level.

        Level 3:              _______________________,  ___________________________

        Level 2:              _______________________,  ___________________________

        Level 1:              _______________________,  ___________________________


27.   How does a food web differ from a food chain?


28.   List a natural and an artificial means to control a plant population.


29.   Diagram either the carbon or the nitrogen cycle


30.   Describe ecological succession


31.   List three characteristics of a population.

        a.   ____________________________

        b.   ____________________________

        c.   ____________________________

32.   List two factors that contribute to the pollution of:

        a.  air:

        b.  water:

        c.   soil:

33.   What are some current means that are used to control pollution?